Water | Amazing Facts

Water Amazing Facts

60 Amazing Facts About Water | Amazing Facts 4U

  1. Amazingly it is the only natural substance found in all three physical states – Solid , liquid and Gas at the temperatures that naturally occur on Earth.
  2. Water is made up of two elements, hydrogen and oxygen. Its chemical formula is H2O.
  3. Water expands by about 9 % as it freezes.
  4. Water is the only substance on earth that is lighter as a solid than a liquid.
  5. Only 1% of the world’s water is drinkable.
  6. Amazing fact is that of all the water on the earth humans can use only about three tenths of a percent of this water. Such usable water is found in groundwater aquifers, rivers, and freshwater lakes.
  7. Amazing fact that over the course of a century, the average water molecule will spend 1 week in the atmosphere , 2 weeks in lakes and rivers , 20 months as ice and 98 years in the ocean.
  8. Water has a very high melting and boiling point compared to other similar molecules.
  9. Amazing thing is that if water was not a liquid at most of the temperatures we see on Earth, Life would not be possible. The seas would all be ice, there would be no rain, nothing for plants to collect and animals to drink. Our human cells would not be filled with liquid water but ice crystals.
  10. It is called the ‘universal solvent’ because it is capable of dissolving so many substances which are essential for body functions inside the cell. Water carries chemicals, minerals, and nutrients with it.
  11. Water has a high specific heat capacity. It means is that it takes a lot of energy to make water a little bit warmer. Seas, lakes and rivers maintain a much more constant temperature than air, which means that animals can live in water all year round without having to adapt to large temperature changes.
  12. Amazingly there are more atoms in a single glass of water, than glasses of water in all the oceans of the Earth.
  13. Pure water doesn’t conduct electricity very well. Most of water’s conductivity is caused by the water’s impurities in the form of dissolved salts.
  14. Amazing fact is that salt water is 1,000 times as conductive as your average drinking water, and 1,000,000 times as conducive as highly purified water.
  15. Water can move up narrow tubes against the force of gravity in what is known as capillary action.
  16. Hot water will turn into ice faster than cold water.
  17. Roughly 70 percent of an adult’s body is made up of water. At birth, water accounts for approximately 80 percent of an infant’s body weight. Human brains are 75% water. Human bones are 25% water.  Human blood is 83% water.
  18. A healthy person can drink about 11 litres  (48 cups) of water per day.
  19. A person must consume 2 litres of water daily to live healthily. Humans drink an average of 75.000 litres of water throughout their life.
  20. Amazingly drinking too much water too quickly can lead to water intoxication. Water intoxication occurs when water dilutes the sodium level in the bloodstream and causes an imbalance of water in the brain.
  21. Pure water has no smell and no taste. It has a neutral pH of 7, which is neither acidic nor basic.
  22. The earth is a closed system meaning that it rarely loses or gains extra matter. Amazing fact is that the same water that existed on the earth millions of years ago is still present today. The total amount of water on the earth is about 326 million cubic miles of water.
  23. The Amazon River flow by volume of water is bigger than the next 8 largest rivers combined.
  24. Amazing fact is if all the water on earth is bunched up into a ball, it’s radius will be less than 700 Km.
  25. Even though each person only requires 48 litres of water on a daily basis, individuals in the United States use an average of 500 litres, those in Canada an average of 300 litres and those in England an average of 200 litres. Since 1950, water usage in the United States has risen 125 percent.
  26. Of all the water that enters each household, about 95% of it ends up down the drain.
  27. The average toilet uses 6 litres of clean water in a single flush.
  28. By the time a person feels thirsty, his or her body has lost over 1 percent of its total water amount.
  29. The weight a person loses directly after intense physical activity is weight from water, not fat.
  30. In the World over 1.5 billion people do not have access to clean, safe water.
  31. On average, women in Africa and Asia have to walk 3.7 miles to collect water.
  32. 80% of all illness in the developing world comes from water born diseases. 3.4 million people die each year from water-related causes.
  33. Water boils at 100 °C (212 °F), this is at the normal conditions at sea level. The boiling point of water actually changes relative to the barometric pressure. It boils amazingly at just 68 °C (154 °F) on the top of Mount Everest.
  34. Amazingly groundwater can take a human lifetime just to traverse a single mile.
  35. It doesn’t take much salt to make water “salty.” Water tastes salty with salt just one-thousandth of the weight of water.
  36.  On average, every kilogram of seawater contains around 35 grams of dissolved salt.
  37. Amazingly it takes 1900 litres of water to make 1 kg of rice.
  38. Amazing fact is that it takes 450 litres of water to produce one egg.
  39. Manufacturing one car amazingly requires about 148,000 litres of water.
  40. About 25,000 litres of water is required to grow a day’s food for a family of four.
  41. It takes about 140 litres of water to grow the coffee beans and process them to make one cup of coffee. It takes more than 35 litres of water to produce one slice of wheat bread.
  42. Amazingly the sun evaporates a trillion tons of water each day.
  43. Coconut water is isotonic and sterile if the husk is intact. For this reason, in undeveloped countries it has been injected directly into the blood stream as a substitute for an IV bag.
  44. There is enough water in Lake Superior to cover the entire land mass of North and South America with roughly one foot of water.
  45. About 3.6 Million people die each year from a water related disease mainly diarrhea.
  46. Just simple washing hands can decrease the chance of diarrhea by around 35%.
  47. Amazing fact is that extremely high pressured water can cut through a steel beam.
  48. Most of the smoke billowing up from a space shuttle launch is not exhaust. It is water vapour from the pool of water under the shuttle designed to absorb the acoustic shock waves that could otherwise tear the shuttle apart.
  49. An elephant can smell water up to 5 km away.
  50. Rat can last the longest without water among animals.
  51. Penguins can drink salt water because they have a supra orbital gland, which lets them filtrate the salt from the water.
  52. New York City water supply system leaks on average 75 million litres a day. Specialized divers live underwater in a pressurized tank for over a month to try to repair these leaks.
  53. There’s a geyser in Nevada that’s been spewing water continuously since someone drilled a well  50 years ago.
  54. Amazingly in 2011, the city of Portland, Oregon discarded 7.8 million gallons of drinking water, not because of the dead animals regularly found in the drinking supply but because a drunk 21-year-old peed in it.
  55. Saturn’s moon Enceladus has geysers that shoot large jets of water vapor into space and according to NASA  it is emerging as the most habitable spot beyond Earth in the Solar System for life as we know it.
  56. U.S. and Russian astronauts on the International Space Station have separate water supplies. While the U.S. water uses iodine for bacteria control, the Russian water uses silver. If these substances mix, a silver-iodine precipitate forms in the water, which may clog the sublimator in the NASA EMU spacesuit.
  57. In 1936, the Russians made a computer that ran on water.
  58. After WWII, a group of Jewish extremists formulated a Holocaust-revenge plan to kill 6 million German citizens by poisoning the water supply of Munich, Berlin, Weimar, Nuremberg and Hamburg. However, it was foiled by British police while the poison was in transit to Germany.
  59. Set in the desert of Dubai, the Tiger Woods Golf Course uses 15 million litres of water every day to maintain its lush appearance.
  60. During the Mongol empire in India, people never washed their clothes or themselves because they believed washing would pollute the water and anger the dragons that controlled the water cycle.

By Amazing Facts 4U Team

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